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Their bevors up, their eyes of fire sparkling through sights of steel.
Shakespeare: Henry IV, Pt. II, act iv, sc. i.
I saw young Harry with his bevor on.
Shakespeare: Henry IV. Pt. I, act iv, sc. i.
He wore his bevor up!
Shakespeare: Hamlet, act i, sc. 2.
What, is my bevor easier than it was?
Shakespeare: Richard III, act v, sc. 3.
It was not until the tailed celeta or French type of salade had obtained an established reputation as a head-piece that attention was paid to the necessity of finding some form of protection for the lower part of the face. It would appear that the high standard of chain mail fashioned as a collar standing rigidly up round the neck, though popular throughout the XVth century, was not considered of sufficient protective power; with the result that plates of metal were added to a plate gorget to give full protection to the lower half of the face. In this way was the bevor evolved. The bevor of closely linked chain mail that can be seen in the Zeughans of Berlin may perhaps be a transitional type. [....] The upper portion of most bevors were formed of two plates, the top one being hinged at the sides, so that it could be pushed down over the lower one. The wearer could thus speak clearly without removing the bevor. A spring catch kept it in its place when it was raised. [...] In most cases it was merely attached by a strap around the neck. In some instances the neck straps were made of mail.
A RECORD OF EUROPEAN ARMOUR AND ARMS THROUGH SEVEN CENTURIES BY SIR GUY FRANCIS LAKING, BART. C.B., M.V.O., F.S.A. LATE KEEPER OF THE KING'S ARMOURY VOL. 2 (1820)
THE MEDIEVAL SHOPPE
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